HIV Hepatitis

HIV Hepatitis is an infectious disease. They both spread in a same way like use of needles, which was used by infected person, to inject drugs, sexual activities, and blood semen. The transmission mode is same for hepatitis B and for HIV. HIV damages the immune system badly and it is progressive while hepatitis is an infectious virus that causes inflammation of liver. In hepatitis, doctors can transplant the liver but it is not possible for the HIV infected person because HIV positive patient cannot use immunosuppressive drug.

 

HIV- a hazardous virus :

Human immunodeficiency virus is an infectious virus that leads to progressive failure of the immune system and when this disease is not cured properly it become fatal for the sufferer. In this circumstances patient’s immune system, stop its working properly and in the mean time many other diseases can attack on you.

HIV was discovered in 1981, it infects the vital cells of your immune system like – macrophages, dendritic cells and helper T cells. There are many symptoms which helps in diagnosing the HIV positive person which are given beneath :

  • Dry cough
  • Pneumonia
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Memory loss, depression
  • White spots

Apart from the above, there are some more symptoms like – fever, shortness of breath, skin rashes, weakness, and unconsciousness. HIV generally has Acute infection and Chronic infection, acute infection occurs because of transmission of body fluid from infected person to uninfected person.

In this state, many individuals develop mononucleosis that we call it acute HIV infection. Chronic infection is the secondary stage when immune system reduces its viral particles in the blood, during this period HIV is active in lymph nodes. There are some treatment that can stop the problem of the patient, many drugs are available which helps in the recovery of immune system are – antiretroviral, ARVs, anti- HIV. Still, these diseases are different from each other because HIV hepatitis -HIV damages immune system whereas hepatitis damages the liver.

Hepatitis :

Hepatitis is a disease in which liver is damaged and it infects the liver cells. It is caused by the viral infection; there are five main hepatitis viruses that are – A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis B, C, D viruses occurs due to the contact with infected body fluids. The most common mode of transmission is same like HIV one- contaminated blood, from family member to child and by sexual activity. Hepatitis B is also called as ‘silent infection’ because these symptoms are not very noticeable. Some of the most important symptoms of hepatitis are given underneath-

  • Fever
  • Fatigue, muscle pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Mild nausea
  • Yellow eyes
  • Swollen stomach

These symptoms show that the person is suffering from this disease, which can be fatal for the person. Therefore, it is necessary to be cured at correct time. HIV hepatitis both consist of same characteristics and due to same mode of transmission they are treated similarly. However, there is difference between HIV hepatitis that HIV leads to full damage of immune system while hepatitis damages the liver.

HIV Hepatitis
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