Hepatitis B Surface Antigen And Hepatitis C Virus

Hepatitis C is a liver disease that is caused by the virus, Hepatitis C. this disease is generally caused when a person is having contact with infected blood. It is not necessary that the symptoms of Hepatitis C is visible very soon many times it takes years to find out that a person is suffering from Hepatitis C. This disease is easily identified by a blood test. It is not curable sometime it causes liver cancer.

There are many methods used for the treatment of hepatitis but the side effects of that are very harmful. Until now, the vaccination of hepatitis c is not available. If a person became very serious then the last option is to transplant a liver and this is also not very much successful. If a person is infected by hepatitis B virus that means hepatitis B surface antigen prevalence is greater than or equal to 8%.

Symptoms of hepatitis c

Normally the symptoms of Hepatitis C are not visible and when they became visible that means a patient is in severe condition. Some of the symptoms visible at the last stage are :

  • Mild fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Antigen is anything or any substance that has the capacity to induce specific responses of immune and it also have the capability to react with the products of those responses that is with any specially sensitized T Lymphocytes or any antibody or both of them. Hepatitis B surface antigen is an antigen that is of hepatitis b virus. One person gets to know about its presence when they suffered from clinical disease symptoms. Test of serum Hepatitis B surface antigen are used to find out about acute or chronic hepatitis B.

The danger of chronic liver diseases increases when the person is having chronic hepatitis B virus infection (HBV). The rate of this disease is very high in foreign population. There are tests conducted to check whether a person is hepatitis B surface antigen negative or positive. If a person is negative that means either your body is not making antibodies or you are suffering from acute hepatitis. Antibodies are the small molecules that help the body to clear the various infections. If a person is hepatitis B surface antigen positive then he is having hepatitis B in blood and his body is saving him from hepatitis.

 

Transmission

Hepatitis B is transmitted when a body gets exposure to infectious blood or other body fluids containing blood. The possible form of transmission include blood transfusion, re use of contaminated needles and syringes, vertical transmission, sexual contact and at the child birth from mother to baby. If a mother who is giving birth to a baby without intervention is positive of hepatitis B surface antigen then there is 20 % risk that the infection will pass to the offspring. So one should always keep these things in mind and take precautions to prevent from hepatitis c.

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen And Hepatitis C Virus
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