Autoimmune Hepatitis is a common liver disease that usually occurs when the immune system of your body attacks its own cells (the cells of liver). This condition takes place because of anomalous presentation of HLA class II or Human Leukocyte Antigen on hepatocyte surface. This is because of acute liver infection or, genetic predisposition. Whatever may be the case both these causes lead to cell-mediated immune response of antibodies against a person’s own liver thereby resulting in the occurrence of autoimmune hepatitis.
Abnormal immune responses result in liver inflammation, finally causing liver cirrhosis and lever failure. This article deals with autoimmune hepatitis, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments.
In autoimmune hepatitis, body experiences signal cross which puts the antibodies in a “combat formation” mode to fight liver cells that act as non-existent enemies. This disease is chronic that is it can last for several years and, result in scarring of liver. At the final stage, it causes liver failure. Approximately 1-2 people per 100,000 suffer from this condition per year. This condition is dominant in the case of women. 7 out of every 10 sufferers are females.
Onset Of Disease:
This disease generally occurs during early stages of adulthood or teenage. Mostly, scientists believe that genetic factors are leading causes of autoimmune hepatitis. Therefore, several researches are being carried out since past few years, in order to treat this aggressive disease.
It is classified in two forms- Type 1 autoimmune hepatitis and Type 2 autoimmune hepatitis. Type 1 is endemic to North Americans only while, Type 2 is a universal disease that normally occurs in young females belonging to the age group 2 to 14. Both these conditions are characterized by the elevation of liver enzymes like bilirubin.
Rashes, abdominal discomfort and joint pains are the most common symptoms of this disease. Other symptoms include dark colored urine, gray colored stool, vomiting blood, reduced appetite, cirrhosis of lever, jaundice, yellowing of skin and eyes, appearance of webbed spider veins on face and belly, sudden weight loss, fluid accumulation in abdomen (ascites) and liver inflammation.
Treatment And Medications:
If you’re diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis, you must immediately consult a liver specialist for proper treatment. You can get this disease diagnosed by urine test, blood test, stool test or, ultrasound. Medical guidance is extremely important.
Medicines like acetaminophen or, over consumption of alcohol and drugs can lead to liver failure. Thus, it may interfere with the response of immune system. Sometimes, illegal drugs may also result in this disease.
You can take Artichoke for increasing liver function. Medicines like Schisandra, Hoelen etc. are effective in reducing inflammation and protecting liver tissues from the effect of toxins. They help the cells in regeneration. Infected liver cells can also be healed by intake of zinc, copper and thymic factor.
You can rely on herbal treatment, Chinese or Korean medicines and vitamin supplements for cure.
Now that you’re familiar with autoimmune hepatitis, it’ll be easier for you to prevent this disease!